Mr. REID(for himself and Mr. MCCONNELL) submitted the following 

resolution; which was referred to the Committee on 



Recognizing the right of Israel to defend itself against at- 

tacks from Gaza and reaffirming the United States’ 

strong support for Israel in its battle with Hamas, and 

supporting the Israeli-Palestinian peace process. 

Whereas Hamas was founded with the stated goal of destroy- 

ing the State of Israel; 

Whereas Hamas has been designated by the Secretary of 

State as a Foreign Terrorist Organization; 

Whereas Hamas has refused to comply with the requirements 

of the Quartet (the United States, the European Union, 

Russia, and the United Nations) that Hamas recognize 

Israel’s right to exist, renounce violence, and agree to ac- 

cept previous agreements between Israel and the Pal- 


Whereas, in June 2006, Hamas crossed into Israel, attacked 

Israeli forces and kidnapped Corporal Gilad Shalit, whom 

they continue to hold today; 

Whereas Hamas has launched thousands of rockets and mor- 

tars since Israel dismantled settlements and withdrew 

from Gaza in 2005; 

Whereas Hamas has increased the range of its rockets, re- 

portedly with support from Iran and others, putting addi- 

tional large numbers of Israelis in danger of rocket at- 

tacks from Gaza; 

Whereas Hamas locates elements of its terrorist infrastruc- 

ture in civilian population centers, thus using innocent ci- 

vilians as human shields; 

Whereas Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said in a state- 

ment on December 27, 2008, that ‘‘[w]e strongly con- 

demn the repeated rocket and mortar attacks against 

Israel and hold Hamas responsible for breaking the 

ceasefire and for the renewal of violence there’’; 

Whereas, on December 27, 2008, Prime Minister of Israel 

Ehud Olmert said, ‘‘For approximately seven years, hun- 

dreds of thousands of Israeli citizens in the south have 

been suffering from missiles being fired at them.. . . In 

such a situation we had no alternative but to respond. 

We do not rejoice in battle but neither will we be de- 

terred from it.. . .The operation in the Gaza Strip is de- 

signed, first and foremost, to bring about an improve- 

ment in the security reality for the residents of the south 

of the country.’’; 

Whereas, on January 2, 2009, Secretary of State Rice stated 

that ‘‘Hamas has held the people of Gaza hostage ever 

since their illegal coup against the forces of President 

Mahmoud Abbas, the legitimate President of the Pales- 

tinian people. Hamas has used Gaza as a launching pad 

for rockets against Israeli cities and has contributed 

deeply to a very bad daily life for the Palestinian people 

in Gaza, and to a humanitarian situation that we have 

all been trying to address’’; 

Whereas the humanitarian situation in Gaza, including short- 

ages of food, water, electricity, and adequate medical 

care, is becoming more acute; 

Whereas Israel has facilitated humanitarian aid to Gaza with 

over 500 trucks and numerous ambulances entering the 

Gaza Strip since December 26, 2008; 

Whereas, on January 2, 2009, Secretary of State Rice stated 

that it was ‘‘Hamas that rejected the Egyptian and Arab 

calls for an extension of the tahadiya that Egypt had ne- 

gotiated’’ and that the United States was ‘‘working to- 

ward a cease-fire that would not allow a reestablishment 

of the status quo ante where Hamas can continue to 

launch rockets out of Gaza. It is obvious that that cease- 

fire should take place as soon as possible, but we need 

a cease-fire that is durable and sustainable’’; and 

Whereas the ultimate goal of the United States is a sustain- 

able resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that will 

allow for a viable and independent Palestinian state living 

side by side in peace and security with the State of 

Israel, which will not be possible as long as Israeli civil- 

ians are under threat from within Gaza: Now, therefore, 

be it 

Resolved, That the Senate— 

(1) expresses vigorous support and unwavering 

commitment to the welfare, security, and survival of 

the State of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state 

with secure borders, and recognizes its right to act 

in self-defense to protect its citizens against acts of 


(2) reiterates that Hamas must end the rocket  

and mortar attacks against Israel, recognize Israel’s  

right to exist, renounce violence, and agree to accept 

previous agreements between Israel and the Pal- 


(3) encourages the President to work actively to 

support a durable, enforceable, and sustainable 

cease-fire in Gaza, as soon as possible, that prevents 

Hamas from retaining or rebuilding the capability to 

launch rockets and mortars against Israel and allows 

for the long term improvement of daily living condi-

tions for the ordinary people of Gaza; 

(4) believes strongly that the lives of innocent 

civilians must be protected and all appropriate meas-

ures should be taken to diminish civilian casualties  

and that all involved should continue to work to ad- 

dress humanitarian needs in Gaza;  

(5) supports and encourages efforts to diminish 

the appeal and influence of extremists in the Pales-

tinian territories and to strengthen moderate Pal-

estinians who are committed to a secure and lasting 

peace with Israel; and 

(6) reiterates its strong support for United 

States Government efforts to promote a just resolu-

tion of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict through a seri- 

ous and sustained peace process that leads to the 

creation of a viable and independent Palestinian 

state living in peace alongside a secure State of 




Apparently, the House of Representatives concurs: